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Revision as of 01:27, 9 January 2008
Punk is an anti-establishment genre of music that emerged in the mid-1970s and grew to include a large subculture. Punk culture included it's own fashion styles, ideologies, types of dance, film, visual art and literature. Punk's DIY attitude towards music and literature led to a massive growth in zine publishing by the punk community, who seized on the medium of self-publishing. The punk movement was an essential part of zine history and a large segment of the zine community today has at least some roots in punk. Early punk zines included Punk Magazine, Flipside and Maximum Rock 'N' Roll in the U.S.A. and Sniffin' Glue and Ripped & Torn in the UK. Later popular punk zines include titles like Punk Planet, Razorcake, Cometbus and HeartattaCk.
The attitude of punk was present before the formation of the CBGB's scene, starting in 1975, however this was the time and location of the first 'punk scene.' The main artists which were active at this time were Patti Smith, Television, Richard Hell and the Voidoids, Wayne County, Talking Heads, Blondie, and the Ramones. Of all these groups, the Ramones would have the biggest impact in defining punk.
The Ramones performance at the Roundhouse in London on July 4th, 1976, was the sparking point of the British punk scene. Members of bands that were present at that show included, the Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Damned, and the Buzzcocks. While the Ramones helped kick start the more visible and notable artists, the original CBGBs mix of bands provided to be influential in punk as a whole. Punk was never a unified concept of what a band should sound like.
Later, punk developed into a number of various styles and movements.